Sunday, May 24, 2020
This essay will focus completely on Mental illness in the UK. To gather my research I used various resources such as websites and books. I have also viewed YouTube videos in order to expand my knowledge. The statistics gathered may not be totally accurate in discussing mental health within the UK for the sources are secondary but it is reliable for giving a view of what the distribution is like amongst gender, age, class as well as ethnicity. When looking at the British society, mental health disorders are actually extremely common. When viewing the National Statistics, it stated that about one in six adults will have a mental health problem. Leading to an additional study, stating that around 30 individuals out of every 100 willÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The spread of mental illness continues to be of concern especially in Britain. For statistic say that 70% of the prison population has a mental health disorder. As known, there are a high quantity of mental health disorders. As each 7 year period arrives, the English government do a survey in order to measure the various disorders which are common in our society today. This survey was done in 2009 and reported that for depression 2.6 in 100 people were diagnosed. As for anxiety, 4.7 in 100 people, phobias, 2.6 in 100 people, OCD, 1.3 in 100 people, eating disorders, 1.6 in 100 people. This survey also covered bipolar, schizophrenia and personality disorders. It enclo sed that as for personality disorders, 3 to 5 people in every 100 are suffering. Another concern is the distribution of mental illness across the UK. The graph below was taken from the Health Survey department of England March 2011. The main purpose of this graph is to show the proportion of people aged 16 to retirement who are seen as being at risk of mental illness. (Image 1) From looking at the graph it is clear to see that the risk of mental illness is high amongst each region. The region that is of highest is the west midlands which covers places such as Coventry, Birmingham, Wolverhampton, leister and other places. In addition, the region with lowest risk is Yorkshire and Humber, which covers places such as Sheffield, Doncaster, Leeds, Hull and other areas. In support of the statisticShow MoreRelatedMental Illness And Its Effects On Society1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthrough the terrain of life, people might struggle with keeping up with daily routines and the demands of day to day living; Although life seems tough from the outset, problems of mental health place more obstacles upon the individual and his or her family and friends. Without a doubt, there are many expectations that society or one may have. For instance, getting eight hours of sleep, having a social life, exercising at least an hour a day, working towards a good career, going to school, pursuing personalRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On Society985 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction In the United States, there are many people who suffer from a mental illness. Mental illness is described as causing disruptions in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s emotional state, thought processes, and behaviors. When analyzing this this concept, one can see that mental illness is a blanket term that encompasses a wide array of mental disorders that range from mild or to severe. No one completely understands the direct cause of mental illness. Some believe that it is attributed to a biological component which arguesRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On Society Essay1923 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesindividuals, who live or know of someone who is living with some form of mental illness. These individuals have many barriers placed upon them by society and have fallen victim to negative social stigmas. Individuals who are experiencing a mental crisis whether it may be a result of a diagnosed mental illness or an erratic episode brought on by mental instability have had negative social stigmas placed on them from almost entire societies. These negative stigmas come from the lack of knowledge and negativeRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On Society1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesonce stated, Ã¢â¬Å"Mental illness is nothing to be ashamed of, but stigma and bias shame us all.Ã¢â¬ Mental illness comes with multiple influences towards the daily life of an individual. On one hand, these individuals must try to manage the symptoms that arise with their disease. Mental health disorders can affect the way individuals perform at their jobs, their social life, and even being able to live alone (Corrigan Penn, 1997). On the other hand, the way society tends to view mental illnesses leadsRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effect On Society2346 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesheart diseases, in the same context, mental illness is a general phrase used for a group of illnesses affecting cognition (Department of Health, 2015). People faced with mental illness are been stigmatized and assumed by the society to be dangerous, dirty, worthless, and unpredictable. This amongst other reasons is why most people refuse the introduction of a mental health clinic in the community (Meadows et al., 2012). Even though Patient with severe mental illness treated in the community have shownRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On The Society946 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhether someone is struggling on schoolwork or contemplating suicide, it is typical to feel pity for their situation. As a result, society works towards helping those who struggle with worse mental health through various resources such as counseling or psychopharmaceuticals. The majority of society believes that treatment for those with mental illness is beneficial to the society. However, Eric G. Wilson, the Thomas H. Pritchard Professor of English at Wake Forest University and leading expert in the relationshipsRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On Society Essay1475 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmedia outlets that portrayed menta l illness in their articles, there were some that continuously popped up in my searches. For example, CTV News and CBC News were two of many sources that contained the articles regarding an Ottawa man who was found not criminally responsible (NCR) last Thursday after he attacked a stranger with a hammer. At the time of the attack, Weber was on his way back to a transitional group home. He d been released from the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre less than twoRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On Society1461 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Mental illness affects millions of people in the United States and in other countries. Disabling mental illness is seen in and out of local hospitals and other skilled nursing facilities daily. Timby and Smith (2011) define schizophrenia as a thought disorder characterized by deterioration in mental functioning, disturbances in sensory perception, and changes in affect. Schizophrenia effects about one percent of the population and shows no regard to ethnicity, culture, or environmentRead MoreIs American Society Breed Mental Illness?1250 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNation of Anxiety Does American Society Breed Mental Illness? Over the past couple decades, disabling mental illness has drastically increased in the United States. Among these, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association Of America, GAD is characterized by persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things. This disorder is often linked with other anxiety disorders, such as depression and panicRead MoreMental Illness And Its Effects On The Workplace And Society Of Peru874 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnot until my uncleÃ¢â¬â¢s physical condition was so severely impacted that he was taken to a private doctor for an evaluation. Mental illness is still very stigmatized in many parts of the world, and even anxiety disorders, of which many people suffer, are judged and condemned in the workplace and society of Peru. The continuous symptoms of my uncle were called a nervous or mental breakdown when he was admitted initially, and while episodes have happened in the past, the reason given to any person with
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Aim The main intention of this investigation was to determine the various stages of the Atterberg Limits. These included the liquid limit test (LL), plastic limit test (PL), plastic index test (PI) and linear shrinkage (LS) of a soil sample provided by the administration. This was then followed by a sieve analysis to determine the particle size distribution of another soil sample so that a suitable classification in both situations could be made in accordance with the Australian Standards AS1726 Ã¢â¬â 1993. We will write a custom essay sample on Geomechanics Lab Report or any similar topic only for you Order Now Procedure (Sample preperation) On commencement of the experiment, each group was provided with two parts of 500grams of soil retrieved from the field and then oven dried by the experiment supervisor. One part of the soil sample was coarse grain gravel for the particle size distribution chart and sieve analysis, whilst the remaining 500 grams of soil was of fine grained fraction. * Preparation of Coarse Grained Fraction During this procedure the mass of 500grams of soil was recorded and soaked in water for duration of 24 hours. This was then followed by placing the soil sample into a 0. 75mm mesh sieve and the entire fine particle was washed away using running tap water and a small spray bottle until the water had started running clear. The sieved sample was then transferred in a tray which was again put into the oven at 100 degrees for 24 hours. * Preparation of Fine Grained Fraction The remainder of the 500 grams of the sample was then sieved through a 0. 425 mm mesh sieve and the contents collected. This procedu re was done until approximately 150 to 200grams of material was successfully passing sieve. Procedure (Sieve Analysis) This procedure involved the sieve analysis of the coarse fraction. This involved weighing the mass of the oven dried coarse grained fraction so that we are able to determine the particle size distribution. For this experiment the mass of coarse fraction used was 312. 10 grams. This was then followed by arranging the sieves from top to bottom in order from larger gapped mesh in the sieve to the smaller one (i. e. 37. 5mm to 0. 075mm) and then pouring the sample in the top sieve whilst shaking it for approximately 10 minutes. This provided mechanical energy to the soil allowing for it to pass all the sieve layers. The next procedure involved recording the soil mass that had accumulated on each sieve and the bottom pan. Furthermore the percentage of original mass retained and cumulative passing % vs. particle size plot has been constructed as shown in Appendix A. As shown in the plot it can be noted that the results obtained were not accurate enough for the effective size values of D_10 and D_30 to be calculated. Yet the effective size D_60 was able to be found and was shown to be 1. mm as shown in the particle size vs percentage passing table in appendix A. Due to the fact that all effective size values have not been able to be attained from the graph, the uniformity coefficient C_u and the coefficient of curvature C_c were not able to be calculated. Yet if they could be then they would be calculated using these equations: Cu=D60D10 Cc=D102D10*D60 where CU=Coefficient of Curvature Cc=Coefficient of Curvat ure All values recorded have been further discussed in the results section of this report. Procedure (Atterberg Limits determination) * Liquid Limit (LL) The liquid limit test west performed on the fine Sandy soil over the course of two sessions to determine the water content (percentage) at the point when the soil started to behave with liquid qualities. This test procedure involved gradually adding water to a round well created in two thirds of the soil sample on a glass plate. Then using two spatulas the sample was mixed until a smooth paste was formed. This was then followed by placing a small amount of the sample into the liquid limit device and leveling it horizontally using the spatula to create a smooth surface. Using the grooving tool the sample in the cup was divided in half. To determine the number of blows the handle of the mechanism was rotated at a speed of two blows per second and the number of blows recorded until the soil closed the groove to a length of 1 cm. It was expected that the number of blows be as close to 25+ or Ã¢â¬â 3 as possible. The group was successful in our fourth attempt where 28 blows were recorded. Once the sample was successful it was removed from the liquid limit cup and placed within a tin and the mass weighed. This was determined to calculate the moisture content percentage. The mixture in the liquid limit range was placed in a 0. 25 meter length mould with a internal diameter of 0. 025 meters and left on top of the oven so that the linear shrinkage could be determined. All values obtained are discussed in the results. * Plastic Limit (PL) To determine the plastic limit (as a percentage), after which the soil could no longer be deformed; water was added to the remaining one third of the dry soil on a separate glass plate and molded by hand. Small amounts of the soil were rolled on the flat glass plate until they formed into a diameter of 3 mm and then started to break apart. According to AS12989 it was proved that the soil had reached its plastic limit. This soil was then placed in a tin and similarly to the liquid limit all mass values of the tin and sample were recorded. These were left to dry in the oven. All results obtained the following day have been discussed in the results section. * Linear Shrinkage (%) As instructed, results for the linear shrinkage were collected after duration of 24 hours from the laboratory and the linear shrinkage (in percentage) was calculated using the formula: LS=LsL*100 where Ls=Recorded Shrinkage L=Initial Length of Sample In addition to the linear shrinkage, all dry mass results were also collected from the previous day and recorded as shown in the results section of this report. * Plastic Index Conduction of the plastic limit and linear shrinkage test led to the calculation of the moisture content in percentage and this further allowed us to calculate the plastic index using the formula. Ip=Wl- Wp where Wl=Liquid Limit Wp=Plastic Limit * Classification of Soil After the soil tests have been completed as listed above and results obtained, the soil sample was classified according to the Australian Standards AS1726 Ã¢â¬â 1993. To aid in this classification of the soil, table 8 (Identification and Classification of Coarse Grained Soils) and table 9 (Identification and classification of Fine grained Soils) as well as Graph 1 (Plasticity Chart vs. Liquid Limit) have been used and attached in Appendix C. Further criteria such as Plasticity of Fines, Color of Soil, Cohesive strength and Classification Group symbol (Table 7 Soil Classification Symbols) can also be used. Results * Sieve Analysis Ã¢â¬â Determining the Particle size Distribution Tin #| | Mass of Wet soil + Tin| 203. 79| Mass of Dry soil + Tin| 165. 0| Mass of Tin| 32. 60| Mass of Moisture| 38. 19| Mass of Dry Soil| 133. 00| Moisture Content| 28. 70| Initisl Mass of Oven Dried Sample| 500g| Mass of oven Dried Sample retained over 75? m| 312. 1g| Percentage of Coarse Fraction| 37. 58g| Mass of Dry sample passing the 75? m| 187. 9g| Table 1: Soil Sample Preparation Values Ã¢â¬â Total Mass of Sample used for Sieve Analysis = 500 grams Ã¢â¬â Ma ss of Coarse Fraction of Sample Used for Sieve Analysis AS Apperture| Mass Retained (g)| % Retained| % Passing| 37. 5mm| 0. 00| 0. 00%| 100. 00%| 26. 5mm| 0. 00| 0. 00%| 100. 00%| 19mm| 13. 0| 2. 60%| 97. 40%| 13. 2mm| 14. 70| 2. 94%| 94. 46%| 9. 5mm| 1. 00| 0. 20%| 94. 26%| 6. 7mm| 13. 90| 2. 78%| 91. 48%| 4. 75mm| 17. 30| 3. 46%| 88. 02%| 2. 36mm| 61. 60| 12. 32%| 75. 70%| 1. 18mm| 63. 10| 12. 62%| 63. 08%| 600? m| 51. 40| 10. 28%| 52. 80%| 425? m| 22. 00| 4. 40%| 48. 40%| 300? m| 20. 30| 4. 06%| 44. 34%| 150? m| 22. 60| 4. 52%| 39. 82%| 75? m| 7. 60| 1. 52%| 38. 30%| Pan| 0. 40| 0. 08%| 38. 22%| | SUM = 308. 9| | | Table 2: Particle size Distribution of the Soil Sample Particle size vs. Percentage Passing (%) can be viewed in the Appendix section of this report. D_10| N/A| D_30| N/A| D_60| 1. 1 mm| Coefficient of Uniformity| N/A| Coefficient of Curvature| N/A| Table 3: Particle Size Determination Coefficients As the Particle Size vs. Percentage Passing graph was unable to be plotted fully, the values for D_10 and D_30 could not be determined hence not allowing the Coefficient of Uniformity and Curvature to be found. * Atterberg Limits Determination (Liquid Limit) Liquid limit| Test no. | Test 1| Test 2| Test 3| Test 4| Tin #| 12| 58| 80| 61| Number of Blows| 7| 21| 14| 28| Mass of Wet Soil and Tin| 45. 8| 35. 77| 39. 32| 27. 6| Mass of Dry Soil and Tin| 38| 28. 4| 34. 5| 22. 5| Mass of Tin| 24. 21| 14. 57| 26. 31| 15. 42| Mass of Moisture| 7. 8| 7. 37| 4. 82| 4. 86| Mass of Dry Soil| 13. 79| 13. 83| 8. 19| 7. 08| Moisture Content| 56. 56%| 53. 29%| 58. 85%| 68. 64%| Table 4: Liquid Limit Determination The results obtained in the table 4 (liquid limit determination) above show that after conducting four tests in the lab the number of blows we re varied quite a lot. The reason behind this was that at the start a greater amount of liquid then required was placed in the soil making it two wet. Then as extra dry soil was added to the sample the number of blows gradually increased allowing for a result acceptable within the 25 + Ã¢â¬â 3 limit was met in test 4 Hence the soil sampleÃ¢â¬â¢s LL can be taken as 68. 64%. * Atterberg Limits Determination (Plastic Limit) Plastic Limit| Test no. | Test 1| Tin #| 16| Mass of Wet Soil and Tin| 37. 06| Mass of Dry Soil and Tin| 34. 5| Mass of Tin| 23. 94| Mass of Moisture | 2. 56| Mass of Dry Soil| 10. 56| Moisture Content| 24. 24%| Avg. Moisture Content| 59. 34%| Table 5: Plastic Limit Determination The above table represents the values calculated and determined results for the plastic limit of the soil in this experiment. This was done by weighing the mass of the soil and tin after it had been rolled into a 3mm diameter rod until it crumbled and then oven dried. * Atterberg Limits Determination (Plastic Index) Looking at the graph attached in the appendix B (Number of Blows vs. Moisture Content), the value for the Plastic Limit was unable to be as accurately determined as we would have hoped but using the plastic Index equation below it was found to be 44. %. Plastic Index %= Liquid Limit-Plastic Limit=___________% Plastic Index %= 68. 64-24. 24=44. 4% Linear Shrinkage Determination| Mould No. | 3| Crumbling of Sample| NO| Length of Mould| 254mm| Curling of Sample| NO| Length of Soil| 222mm| Cracking of Sample| YES| Linear Shrinkage| 12. 60%| * Atterberg Limits Determination (Linear Shrinkage) Table 6: Linear Shrinkage Determination After removing the mould containing the soil sample after 24 hours from the top of the oven, the linear shrinkage of the soil was measured using a ruler. The result as shown above in table 6, the soil has shrunk 32mm in length and cracking of the sample has occurred. The same has not crumbled at touch and has not shown any curling effects. The Overall linear shrinkage is calculated to be 12. 60%. LS=LsL*100 LS=32254*100=12. 60% Discussion The classification of the Coarse and Fine Grained soil was made according to the Australian Standards as1726 Ã¢â¬â 1993. All justification of the results and classifications of the Sieve Analysis and Atterberg Limits have been made through the combination of the identification and classification tables in the appendix. Coarse Grained Soil As per the Particle size plot in the appendix, the sample is shown to have only coarse grain materials. Consisting of 22% Gravel (7% Medium Grain and 15% Fine Grain) and 38% Sand (22% Coarse Grain, 13% Medium Grain and 3% Fine Grain), indicates that the soil is widely distributed and hence making it a Gravelly SAND. * Fine Grained Soil Using the Atterberg Limits to find the Plastic Limit and Liquid Limit percentages, these were applied to the Plasticity vs. Liquid Limit Chart (AS1726-1993) to determine the classification of the soil sample. As the intersection point is below the Ã¢â¬Å"AÃ¢â¬ line with a high liquid limit of 68. 64%, the reaction to shaking was low to none and the toughness is low, the classification of the soil sample is most likely to be MS-SILT Highly Plastic. Also according to the Australian Standards the color of our soil was Brown mottled red-brown. Since the fine grained soil was cohesion less and free running we can classify the soil as dry. In accordance to the Plasticity vs. Liquid Limit chart the soil is of High Plasticity as the liquid limit was of a value greater than 50%. In addition to the above, the particle size distribution curve is also widely spread so the soil is classified as Ã¢â¬Å"Well GradedÃ¢â¬ . Conclusion In this experiment we used the Sieve analysis and Atterberg Limits tests to investigate the properties of the soil as mentioned in the Australian Standards AS1726 -1993. In addition sample tests were conducted including the liquid limit test (LL), plastic limit test (PL), plastic index test (PI) and linear shrinkage (LS) of the soil sample provided by the administration. All results obtained have been justified and the classifications of the soil made in accordance to the Australian Standards 1726 Ã¢â¬â 1993. References Evans R, 2010, HES2155 Geomechanics, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne VIC. Appendices Appendix A (Particle Size vs. Percentage Passing Plot) Appendix B (Plot of Number of Blows Vs. Moisture Content) Appendix C (Soil Classification Tables) Table 7: List of Soil Classification Symbols. Table 8: Identification and Classification of Coarse Grained Soil. Table 9: Identification and Classification of Fine Grained Soil. Graph 1: Plasticity Chart vs. Liquid Limit Appendix D (Formulas and Sample Calculations) How to cite Geomechanics Lab Report, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: How can renewable energy and energy efficiency help Soctland meet its emission reduction target? Answer: Introduction Management of renewable energy schemes professionally requires a high level of reliability in using the energy source. This also includes the various security issues related to all electrical setup required. The manufacturing units related to renewable energy guarantee about the scheme that it is equipped with the majority of superior electrical security instruments available on the marketplace. There are few points which prove the importance of the renewable sources of electricity. The decreased consumption of fossil fuel and the decline in greenhouse gases out of that carbon dioxide (CO2) has the maximum consequence on climate alteration is a main confront crossways the world and crosswise the entire sectors of society. There is unparalleled attention in renewable energy, mainly solar energy and wind energy that gives electrical energy devoid of generous increase to in the least carbon dioxide release Harnessing such sources for electricity relies on the price tag and competence of the equipment, which is continually evolving, therefore dropping costs per maximum units of output kilowatt. Making use of electricity from solar sources and wind sources in a grid necessitates a quantity of support producing ability due in the direction of their irregular natural world. Strategy situation to hold up renewable be as well normally necessary to award main concern in grid scheme and as well subsidies them/ Making use of electricity produced from solar and wind inside a separate scheme necessitates equivalent battery or additional storage space capability. The likelihood of major employ of hydrogen within the outlook as a convey fuel augment to the prospective for renewable electricity furnish. Carbon Benefits: The dislocation of power production and fossil fuel heat by renewable is main to decreasing our carbon emissions . Steps for CO2 Reduction in Scotland The decreased consumption of fossil fuel and the decline in greenhouse gases out of that carbon dioxide (CO2) has the maximum consequence on climate alteration is a main confront crossways the world and crosswise the entire sectors of society. Attaining energy competence will be essential to meet up the Scotland Act of Climate Change 2009. Objective of a 42% CO2 emissions decrease by 2020 and an 80% CO2 emissions decrease by 2050, supported on 1990 baseline. In addition, the Scottish Governments agenda of ecarbonisation pertinent to the Heat and electricity Generation Policy Statement sets the alternatives to bring explanation to help with the subsequent: heat system decarbonising dropping dependency on fossil fuels dropping pressure on family energy bills and grabbing economic opportunities delivering electricity use from renewables hold up the main position for renewable energy in supply of electricity by thermal generation power stations with Carbon Capture and Storage mainly decarbonised electricity system resourcing 11% of heat requirement and 10% of convey fuels from renewables by 2020 facilitate local and community possession of renewable energy tumbling final energy consumption in Scotland Demand for clean energy There is a primary concern concerning harnessing these kinds of forces in an era which is extremely aware of the ecological possessions of smoldering fossil fuels and maintaining is a moral norm. So nowadays the center is on together sufficient amount of energy provided for long use and as well the ecological inference of meticulous foundation. In that look upon the close to confidence of expenses being compulsory on carbon dioxide release in urbanized country at smallest amount has deeply distorted the financial viewpoint of fresh energy sources. Sun, current of air, waves, stream and the warmth from decay of radioactive in the mantle of earth as healthy as biomass are the entire plentiful and continuing, therefore the word "renewable". merely one, the control of declining water in rivers, have be considerably tap for electricity for a lot of years, although use of wind is growing quickly and it is at the present recognized as a typical source of energy. Solar energy is major individual request has been in farming and forest, by means of process of photosynthesis and more and more it is tie together for heat energy. Further electricity residue a place request for solar is be ablaze wherever it be able to be utilized. Revolving to the make use of plentiful renewable sources of energy additional to the significant hydro used for electrical energy; present are confronts in fact harnessing them. Not together from solar photovoltaic (PV) that construct electricity straightforwardly, the query is how on the way to create them to twist dynamos to produce the electricity. Condition it is warmth which is tied together by means of a fog producing system. If the basic occasion of these renewable be profusion and comparatively extensive amount, the primary confront, particularly for electrical energy contribute, is relate them to get together the requirement given their changeable and different past. In this manner however that there have to be dependable reproduction sources of electrical energy further than the standard system set aside, or a number of ways of electricity storage space. However, a separate benefit of solar and to a number of degree additional renewable systems is that they are dispersed and might be closer to the summit of requirement, thus dipping power broadcast fatalities if customary producing plants are far-away. Obviously this similar characteristic from time to time add up alongside wind in so as to the most excellent place for tie together it are now and then distant from inhabitants, and the major help for be short of wind in single place is wind waft firm in one more, hence necessitates a broad network with supple operation. There is important extra capacity in growth from corner to corner of Scotland, with projects moreover in planning or by now permission which now sum over 12GW. Once more, capability boost in the short term will draw closer from onshore wind, with in excess of 4GW of ability by now consented and an additional 3.6GW in preparation. In the long expression, in excess of the subsequent decade, we might see main boost in offshore wind, by means of over 4GW before now consented. There is as well 244MW of bioenergy schemes at a variety of phases of expansionand 187MW of wave and tidal schemes moreover in planning or by now consented. Electricity Capacity Electricity capacity of Scotlands renewable energy has revealed steady growth more than 8 years having standard annual capacity augment over 650MW ever since the end of 2007. Whole Installed capability in Scotland for Renewable Electricity 2007-2014 Operational capacity Pre-operational Capacity of Renewable Projects Current Installed Capacity of Renewable Electricity (End Q4 2014) Chart above sets current combination of renewable electricity creation capability in Scotland. By means of the total now in excess of 7GW, the sector is 2.5 times better than it was at the end of 2007. Onto dry land wind is the major single technology, contributing for over 69 per cent of put in capacity, at the same time Scotlands other main basis of renewable power are hydro, offshore wind and bioenergy. Renewable energy sources Hydro Electricity Hydro-electric power, by means of the latent energy of stream is through distant the best-given ways of electricity production from energy sources of type renewable. It equipment over 16% of planet electrical energy on or after 990 GWe put in capability at the conclusion of 2014. Partially this comes in five nations: Separately from individuals four countries by means of a comparative profusion of it like Switzerland hydro ability is usually functional to peak-load stipulate, since it is so willingly stopped up and in progress. This signifies the wind energy efficiency in Denmark has increased. Hydropower by means of great storage space reservoirs is not a main alternative for the prospect in the urbanized countries since most main sites in these nations have probable for harnessing seriousness in this method are moreover being browbeaten previously or are engaged for other causes such as ecological deliberation. The main benefit of hydro schemes is their ability to switch cyclic (in addition to daily) elevated peak loads. By putting into practice the operation of stock up water is from time to time complex by difficulty for irrigation that may take place away of stage with max out electrical load . Wind Energy Consumption of wind energy has increased from the previous consumption rate for these running years, with yearly increment of the wind energy capability it is around 20% for increase in this particular year. Turbines used for Wind with capacity up to 6 MWe are at the present executing in a lot of countries, although the majority of novel ones are having capacity of 1-3 MWe. Power production is a purpose of the chop of the current of air speed, so replication like two times the wind speed provides eight times the power budding. In process like turbines necessitate a wind in the variety of 4 and extends upto 25 metres for each second and thus 14-90 km/hr, with utmost output life form at 12-25 m/s the surplus energy life form drop above 25 m/s. At the same time as comparatively hardly any areas contain important current winds in this variety, a lot of have sufficient to be harnessed efficiently and to provide improved than a 25% capability utilization. Biodiesel A variety ofbiodieselsystems subsist at nearby, and as with mainly renewable. A biodiesel fuelled vehicle by the remaining vegetable oils out of the Orkney archipelagofish and chipoutlets. Wave and tidal energy Scotlandhas a predictable25% of Europe's tidal prospective and 10% of its potential for wave. There have been additional grid-connected maritime energy converters organized at EMEC than at any additional single site on the earth and the centre leftovers the worlds only attributed marine energy laboratory. Merit comparison The main benefit of hydro schemes is their ability to switch cyclic (in addition to daily) elevated peak loads. By putting into practice the operation of stock up water is from time to time complex by difficulty for irrigation that may take place away of stage with max out electrical load. Wind energy is variable in nature hence imposes some limitations on the production and thus imposes various constraint. Bio fuel energy does need some more sources and need more concern. Like wind wave and tidal energy is also variable in nature. Thus imposes many constrains. Scottish targets Scotland's capability to provide enough renewable heat and electricity to complete its objectives in a lucrative way depends significantly on dropping demand. High requirement needs more generating capability to be built. Due to reservations over character behaviors, electricity requirements could differ but it is probable to increase in the long run as superior use is complete for transport and heat - consequently energy efficiency dealings to reduce this increase in requirement will be vital if electricity is to stay reasonably priced. Attaining energy competence will be essential to meet up the Scotland Act of Climate Change 2009. Objective of a 42% CO2 emissions decrease by 2020 and an 80% CO2 emissions decrease by 2050, supported on 1990 baseline. In addition, the Scottish Governments agenda of ecarbonisation pertinent to the Heat and electricity Generation Policy Statement sets the alternatives to bring explanation to help with the subsequent: Psychoanalysis by the buy and sell body Scottish renewables demonstratesthat renewables shaped almost one third more power compared to nuclear, gas or coal in the primary six months of the year, producing 10.4 terawatt hours (TWh) throughout the six-month period. Conclusion Renewable sources of energy in Scotland have taken responsibility precisely for the task it was intended to do like flourishing more jobs, protected supplies for energy and, mainly dropping our carbon emissions to assist in binding the change in climate. Scotland's capability to provide enough renewable heat and electricity to complete its objectives in a lucrative way has provided a new direction and hope for the world. References 1. Verbruggen, A., M. Fischedick, W. Moomaw, T. Weir, A. Nadai, L.J. Nilsson, J. Nyboer, J. Sathaye, (2009). "Renewable energy costs, potentials, barriers: Conceptual issues." Energy Policy 2. Black Veatch. (2012). Cost and Performance Data for Power Generation Technologies. Overland Park, KS: Black Veatch.3. Alldritt, D. and Hopwood, D. (2010). Renewable energy in Scotland. Renewable Energy Focus, 11(3), pp.28-33.4. Coleby, a. (2010). Assessment of marine renewable energy industry stakeholder requirements in north scotland. J. Env. Assmt. Pol. Mgmt., 12(01), pp.29-49.5. Wind turbines in Antarctica. (2009). Renewable Energy Focus, 10(3), p.16.6. E. Lozano-Minguez, A.J. Kolios and F.P. Brennan (2011.), 'Multi-criteria assessment of offshore wind turbine support structures.' Renewable Energy, vol. 36(11), pp. 2831-7 7. Commission of the European Communities, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee of the Re gions. Energy 2020. A strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy, 2010. 8. Power of the people: public awareness and involvement in renewable energy in Scotland. (2003). Fuel and Energy Abstracts, 44(3), p.162.
Thursday, April 2, 2020
Black artists were thought only to appeal to a black crowd, which created tours like the Chitin Circuit, and successful white musicians making money Of a black Nans song, as was the case with Pat Bones cover of Tutu Fruit. However, it was during this time that many Americans began to see through the barriers separating the races. As Steve Washman highlights in his article Black Sound, Black Body: Jim Hendrix, the Electric Guitar, and the Meanings of Blackness, much of what was unifying America was this idea that beyond our skin, we are really one and the same.Steve points out atheism is able to cross over both race and gender lines in his appeal. Many Great Britain musicians who were being introduced to the blues scene through the music of Hendrix actually considered him a role model for their own attempts to transgress racial boundaries. However, Jim found that he was still stuck in this black stereotype, and as hard as he tried he could not truly shake this. We will write a custom essay sample on Review of Black Sound, Black Body or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Washman suggests that a large reason for Isms decision to own his own studio was so that he could become invisible, removing himself from the demands of the stereotyping-public to a place of pure music, with nothing else attached. He yearned for a desire to be heard, not seen; listened to, not watched, however the boundaries between blacks and whites were forever separating people from one another.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Actual film Essays Actual film Essay Actual film Essay Arthur Miller uses characters and action to explore ideas about a number of different qualities and emotions. He uses John and Elizabeth, for example, to show the love that can break through if you try really hard at a relationship. He uses honesty, through Proctor to show the good and the bad consequences that can arise out of telling the truth and out of lying. He uses betrayal through Proctor also; by Proctor having an affair with Abigail. This shows how betrayal can rip apart a marriage with one stupid mistake. He shows greed and power through Danforth, by Danforth saying no postponement to the hangings just so his reputation wouldnt be lost. He shows honour, through Giles, because Giles didnt answer aye or nay to being a witch. His final words were more weight and then he died. He kept up to his reputation as being funny and by living up to his name.Ã Another way Miller connects through to the audience is by using a number of dramatic devices. I am now going to have a look at some of the different techniques and how he does this. Miller uses a number of different techniques to build and release tension. One of these techniques is leaving you on cliff hangers. He did this with Acts 1,2 and 3! With Act 1 Abigail and Betty had just made accusations of whom they had seen with the devil, Act 2 Elizabeth had just been taken away, and Act 3, Proctor has just confessed and Hale had quit the court! He uses short staccato sentences to build up tension, like in Act 4 Elizabeth says, Giles is dead so it is short and powerful. That way we feel more of an impact. Also in Act 2 where John and Elizabeth first start talking, they are saying only what they need to, not going into any detail. Proctor says are you well today? And Elizabeth says, I am whereas she could have gone into more detail such as yes Im fine thanks, it was probably just a passing cold, and you? She kept it as short and sweet as possible, almost telling the audience that they couldnt have a long flowing conversation because she suspected him. However, I found that having watched the film, seen it performed and having read the play script, the most dramatic was the actual film. I think this is because you can use devices such as camera shots and angles and music to increase the tension. There were also a lot of different scenes in the film that I hadnt seen in the play. I think this is because it would be too hard in an actual play to move the scene props around in such a small space of time! In the film I also thought that it made it more dramatic by making them say the lords prayer just before they were hung and the number of voices gradually decreasing as one by one they got pushed off. I really didnt like, however, the fact that John didnt get to say Amen. I think that links back to the unfairness and cruelty of the time. At the end of Act 3 Miller has left us on the edge of our seats, but as we enter Act 4, Miller uses the humour of Tituba and Sarah to make our tension decrease again. In act 4 our tension goes up and down like a yo-yo with Proctors indecisive mind, we can never relax! By the end of Act 4 our tension is at its climax, especially with the stage direction the final drum roll crashes, then heightens violently, Hale weeps in frantic prayer, and the new sun is pouring in upon her face, and the drums rattle like bones in the morning air. Another technique Miller uses, is dramatic irony. He uses this to create huge amounts of tension, such as the affair between Proctor and Abigail. When John and Elizabeth were alone together for the first time in Act 2, tension was high because we knew, and John knew what he had done, but Elizabeth didnt. He uses pauses to create a sense of someone finding it hard to say something; they might be scared, or even nervous.Ã Arthur Miller uses language with layers of different meanings. I am now going to have a look at some of the sentences he has put together and whether or not they have more than one meaning. In Act 1, John and Abigail are left alone. They use words referring to hot and cold and animals to talk about sex indirectly. This is because it just wasnt a thing you would talk about! For example sweated like a stallion this could also mean just sex and no love, like animals.Ã Abigail says, You are no wintry man this could mean he is not emotionless and frigid, he is hot blooded and passionate. Unlike Elizabeth who she says is a cold, snivelling woman. Abigail is trying to say that John is the complete opposite to Elizabeth. She is wondering why John would want to be with her? She is so different and doesnt satisfy him like Abigail does.Ã Throughout the play Miller uses metaphorical language. In Act 2 John says I will fall like an ocean on that court I think this means that the court will be overthrown and will have a small amount of power compared to what John will have.Ã Arthur Miller uses this language for a number of different reasons. It may be to enliven ideas, or by making a link through language to another context and most of all to make the audience use their imaginations and think about the play, rather than just sitting down, watching it and never thinking about it again.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
What does the customer expect from motor vehicle carrier - Essay Example Then the results will be used in reviewing and producing improvements of the service. As much as possible, the monitoring and the survey should be done on a regular basis to make sure that all the needs and expectations are answered on time. The most important aspect is to make customers feel that they are valuable and their interests are important to the carrier. Motor vehicle carrier is extremely important in every place for this is the most accessible in all modes of transportation. This is the most dominant means of transportation in the U.S. because it has potential access in transporting goods at any point of destination over short and longer places without restrictions (Ã¢â¬Å"Transportation,Ã¢â¬ n.d.). Currently, the U.S. has 765 motor vehicles that include line haul vehicles for longer destinations and city straight trucks for short distances. The carrier had accounted for an increase in carrier sales of about 5% and a revenue growth of 30% (OÃ¢â¬â¢Reilly, 2008). The most dominant among all these vehicles are the passenger vehicles that reported a 97 sales percentage in the U.S. market particularly in local areas. The industry had encountered several changes carried by deregulation and liberalization in the economy with few exceptions that motor carriers under the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (STAA) will have th eir freedom to do business at their own perspectives as long as the rates are also rightful to the passengers (U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, 1988, p. 55). This freedom is governed by STTA and the carriers are still obliged to follow the terms and conditions specified as to the truck routes and vehicle specifications. CustomerÃ¢â¬â¢s expectation is one of the important features of motor vehicle carriers because this is a prerequisite of being superior (Coyle, Novack, Gibson, & Bardi, 2010, p. 169). Ã¢â¬Å"The customerÃ¢â¬â¢s service expectation acts